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Business | Economics
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Earth science | Engineering and technology
Agie Wandala Putra et al.
Rice is a staple food in most Asian countries, and food security is often viewed as having a rice supply to avoid a food crisis. The large number of people who have low incomes means there is a risk of household economic conditions being threatened when food prices are not controlled. We present a different approach by measuring rice price volatility at the local market level with climate and macroeconomic variables. The model succeeds in representing the variables that affect rice prices by an ...
Engineering and technology
Lubomír NÁTR
Kvasný průmysl 2006 https://doi.org/10.18832/kp2006025
The crucial role of plant photosynthesis has been emphasized in relation to the atmospheric CO2 concentration and climate change. Because of the irreplaceable role of plants in ecosystem services, potential changes of both crop and wild plants could impact sustainability of human societies. The dependence of the rate of photosynthesis of the C3 and C4 plants on irradiance, CO2 concentration and temperature has been illustrated. Potential consequences of the atmospheric CO2 concentration rise and...
Earth science
Ana M. Castaño - M. Asunción Lubiano - Antonio L. García-Izquierdo
Women are underrepresented in growing positions such as those related to STEM field careers (i.e., science, technology, engineering, and mathematics). One of the causes for remaining out of that field could lie on gender stereotypes. Undergraduate stereotypes and beliefs are important as could easily uphold future gender segregation at the workplace. In the research arena the measurement of those biased beliefs is important as most commonly used Likert scales (LS) could raise problems in terms o...
Earth science
Kennedy Osuka et al.
This study applied the social–ecological systems framework (SESF) to six fishing communities in northern Mozambique where marine resource management is being implemented through the Our Sea Our Life project. Data on 11 variables and 27 indicators were organised using the SESF to represent the key system dimensions (Governance system, Actors, Resource units and Resource system). Variables within each dimension were weighed to a cumulative score of one. High scores (> 0.50) for Governance system o...
Earth science
Skye N. Leedahl et al.
Ageism is a societal concern that greatly affects the social, emotional, physical, and mental health of older adults. One way to decrease ageist attitudes and improve the treatment of older adults is to address and improve age stereotypes among young adults. Using data from students participating in an intergenerational digital-learning program, the present study investigated change in students’ stereotypes of older adults and aging. We examined change from pre- and post-scores in student attitu...
Law
Fikry Latukau
One of the animals favored by people and can be used as food for some people in Ambon City is cuscus (phalanger spp) is one of the long-tailed marsupial mammals and is also a part of natural resources that is priceless so that its sustainability needs to be maintained through various safeguards. In detail, the regulations concerning these animals are regulated in the regulation of the Minister of Environment and Forestry No. 20 of 2018 concerning the types of plants and animals that are protecte...
Earth science
Jianxin Fan - Guoliang Zhao - Jiaoxia Sun
Sustainability 2017 https://doi.org/10.3390/su9112089
Sorption is a crucial process that influences immobilization and migration of heavy metals in an aqueous environment. Sediments represent one of the ultimate sinks for heavy metals discharged into water body. Moreover, the particle size of sediments plays an extremely important role in the immobilization of heavy metals. In this study, the sorption and desorption of cadmium (Cd) and copper (Cu) onto sediments with different particle sizes were investigated to predict the rate and capacity of sor...
Earth science
Ikenna Stephen Ezennia - Sebnem Onal Hoskara
It is a shared global experience that a house which is already expensive will become even more costly. This experience is partly because housing supply has always failed to satisfy demand. In many developing countries, the issues of affordable housing supply center on shortage and poor distribution. Recent studies on this subject reveal that distribution-related problems can be addressed through choice reconciliations. Therefore, understanding how housing affordability problems affect housing ch...
Earth science
Chong Wang et al.
Confronted with the great challenges of globally growing populations and food shortages, society must achieve future food security by increasing grain output and narrowing the gap between potential yields and farmers’ actual yields. This study attempts to diagnose the climatic and agronomic dimensions of oat yield gaps and further to explore their restrictions. A conceptual framework was put forward to analyze the different dimensions of yield gaps and their limiting factors. We quantified...
Medicine and health | Natural science
Joung-Hun Lee et al.
By drawing analogies with independent research areas, we propose an unorthodox framework for mapping microfinance credit risk--a major obstacle to the sustainability of lenders outreaching to the poor. Specifically, using the elements of network theory, we constructed an agent-based model that obeys the stylized rules of microfinance industry. We found that in a deteriorating economic environment confounded with adverse selection, a form of latent moral hazard may cause a regime shift from a hig...
Biology
Ozgun Ozalp et al.
Wnt/β-catenin signaling controls many biological processes for the generation and sustainability of proper tissue size, organization and function during development and homeostasis. Consequently, mutations in the Wnt pathway components and modulators cause diseases, including genetic disorders and cancers. Targeted treatment of pathway-associated diseases entails detailed understanding of the regulatory mechanisms that fine-tune Wnt signaling. Here, we identify the neurotrophin receptor-associat...
Earth science
Snežana Lekić et al.
<b> </b>Banking sector performance is directly related to the economic performance of the country. This research is an effort to establish the parameters of job satisfaction among bank employees and to ascertain whether there were differences in job satisfaction between employees in urban and rural branches. A randomly selected sample was made of bank employees in the Republic of Serbia. To date, the relative job satisfaction of bank employees in urban and rural areas has not been investigated, ...
Business | Economics
Corina PIRLOGEA
Business Excellence and Management 2011 https://doaj.org/article/0009a8ceb7dc44cda9c9325013537bd0
Taking into account that today the consumption of energy has grown six times since half a century ago, investments are needed for diversifying the sources of energy consumption and raising the efficiency of energy use. In this article authors concentrate on declaring trends in the energy field in the last decade, with emphasis on production, consumption and installed capacity. We also focus on shaping a view for Romanian energy market, which even though it is a net importer of energy, it also ha...
Medicine and health
Lindsay Ip et al.
International Journal of Integrated Care 2019 https://doi.org/10.5334/ijic.s3005
Introduction: 30% of people with long-term conditions also have a mental health condition. 3Dimensions for Long-term Conditions (3DLC) integrates psychosocial care into heart failure, COPD and resistant hypertension treatment. It is a joint effort between a mental health trust, two major acute trusts, and a university to bridge the divide between mental, physical and social care for the chronically ill— a divide costing the NHS 8-13 billion a year.  3DLC’s team includes a psychiatrist, psycholog...
Political science | Social sciences
John Peckenham et al.
Medicine and health
S K Jindal
Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2011 https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-0218.94707
Treatment services constitute one of the five priority actions to face the global crisis due to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). It is important to formulate standard treatment guidelines (STGs) for an effective management, particularly at the primary and secondary levels of health care. Dissemination and implementation of STGs for NCDs on a country-wide scale involves difficult and complex issues. The management of NCDs and the associated costs are highly variable and huge. Besides the educatio...
Earth science
Marco Criado et al.
In recent years, the landscape has become another environmental resource, so it is important to incorporate it into planning actions. However, its broad sense of study has made it difficult to develop methodologies that precisely diagnose the state of the landscape and its management requirements, especially in dynamic spaces like urban areas. In order to develop a method capable of providing information that can be incorporated into environmental assessment and territorial planning tasks so tha...
Engineering and technology
Rhushikesh Ghotkar et al.
The low prices and its relatively low carbon intensity of natural gas have encouraged the coal replacement with natural gas power generation. Such a replacement reduces greenhouse gases and other emissions. To address the significant energy penalty of carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) sequestration in gas turbine systems, a novel high efficiency concept is proposed and analyzed, which integrates a flame-assisted fuel cell (FFC) with a supercritical CO<sub>2</sub> (sCO<sub>2</sub>) Brayton cycle ai...
Earth science
Aliyu Ibrahim Saidu - Chunho Yeom
Due to rapid urbanization and the recent growing influx of migrants from politically fragile states, cities are now faced with an impending housing problem. In developing countries like Nigeria, the impacts of the housing problem, which include economic, social (humanitarian), and environmental crises, are evident. Recently, sustainability has become a central theme for public discussion, not only in expanding housing for the growing population but also in improving the quality of residential li...
Humanities | Social sciences
Abolfazl Dehghanmongabadi - Şebnem Hoşkara
Most current transportation systems around the world are cause for pressing concern and a menace to sustainability of social justice, and economic and environmental vitality. From a universal agreement that transportation needs an urgent alteration in travel modes, policies, planning, and behaviors through to the emergence of sustainability in the transportation sector, a significant and central vision has emerged to guide urban policymakers, transportation planners, and public health officials....
Earth science
Stefano Ciliberti et al.
The increasing request for food sustainability is affecting the pasta sector in Italy. This phenomenon introduces different sources of uncertainties that, in turn, put pressure on all the stages of the supply chain, with a consequent emerging need for a higher level of coordination. Based on the Transaction Costs Theory approach, the paper is aimed at verifying whether contract design—revolving around the negotiation of contractual attributes with different functions in terms of safeguard, adapt...
Earth science
Cristian Ferreiro et al.
This work presents a case study of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), located in Biscay (Spain), in which the removal of high-occurrence contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) was studied. The existing biological treatment in the WWTP was complemented with a continuous ultrafiltration (c-UF) pilot plant, as a tertiary treatment. Thus, the effect on CEC removal of both treatments could be analyzed globally and after each operation. A total of 39 CEC were monitored, including pharmaceutical prod...
Earth science
Maja Steen Møller - Anton Stahl Olafsson
In the unfolding reality of advanced internet-based communication tools, the possibilities and implications for citizens&rsquo; e-engagement is revealing. The paper introduces different examples of e-tools used in participatory urban green infrastructure governance. E-tools here includes various location-based service apps, and volunteered geographic information stemming from social media activities, as well as public participation geographic information system approaches. Through an analytical ...
Earth science
Michał Roman - Monika Roman - Piotr Prus
The objective of the article is to present the study of agritourism innovativeness. The analysis covers agritourism farms in Poland. It is also essential to identify the factors affecting the process of implementing innovation in agritourism. The objective of the article is to formulate conclusions on the impact of innovations on the development of agritourism and the competitiveness of agritourism farms that can be used by representatives of various agritourism-supporting institutions and organ...
Earth science
Qi Zhang - Lawrence Loh - Weiwei Wu
Corporate sustainability has been a long-established topic in the corporate operating process. Much research focuses on the internal relationships among environmental, social and economic dimensions of corporate sustainability, yet few studies have examined the topic from the perspective of environmental, social and governance (ESG) initiatives and innovative performance. Using insights from stakeholder theory, this study develops theoretical linkages between corporate ESG initiatives and innova...
Business
Sviesa Leitoniene - Alfreda Sapkauskiene
Zeszyty Teoretyczne Rachunkowości 2016 https://doi.org/10.5604/16414381.1212004
Though the phenomenon of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is closely scrutinized in studies of both Lithuanian and foreign scholars, the problem is the quality of social information disclosed in social re-sponsibility reports. The objective of this article is to analyse the quality of disclosed information in CRS reports of Lithuanian companies. The characteristics of quality of information were comparability, relia-bility, objectivity and sustainability. The research demonstrated that in L...
Law | Political science
Elena Maria MINEA
Revista Transilvană de Ştiinţe Administrative 2007 https://doaj.org/article/0016801ae4ac435ea3924febaddee00e
<p>City plans are grounded in analysis of local condition and contain a vision of an urban future that the citizens, local elected officials, planning staff and consultants consider desirable. Urban plans vary greatly in approach, content, sophistication, comprehensiveness, time frame and format. In the first half of the twentieth century, urban planning was elitist and paid little attention to implementation. Planning theory was focused on how to create stable cities, geared to a static world a...
Agriculture
Fabio Caporali
Italian Journal of Agronomy 2007 https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2007.73
A knowledge contribution is provided in order to understand agroecology as both a scientific discipline and a philosophical paradigm for promoting sustainability in agriculture. The peculiar character of agroecology as an applied science based on the systems paradigm is explored in the fields of research and tuition. As an organisational capability of connecting different hierarchical levels in accordance with the goal of sustainability, integration is shown as an emergent property of the evolut...
Earth science
Edward E. Onumah et al.
This paper assesses fish consumption behaviour and perception of fish food security of low-income households using three season survey data from 839 interviews in Ghana. The study profiles the types of fish consumed and employs a modified Cobb–Douglas function to examine the determinants of household expenditure on fish consumption, whilst adopting a 1–5 Likert scale to analyze the perception of fish food security. The results confirm that poor households prefer cheaper and small pelagic fish. T...
Earth science
Xia Pan et al.
Endogenous growth theories have underpinned the pivotal role of education in innovation. However, our empirical study uncovers a mixed effect of higher education on firm innovation in China. Using Chinese Patent Census Data, a unique dataset, this paper is able to quantify innovation in China by incorporating a quality dimension for the first time. By merging the patent data with the Chinese Industrial Enterprise Database and province-level data on education, we find that the number of higher ed...
General works
Jose Antonio Rodriguez - Francisco Javier Fernandez - Pablo Arboleya
In recent years, we are experiencing a digital revolution in many contexts, the digitalization of industry (Industry 4.0), the digitalization of public administrations, the digitalization of people and things (Internet of Things) and, of course, the digitization of cities under the name of Smart Cities. Although the digitization process is based on 3 main pillars: data, talent and innovation. It is necessary to make a mixture of these 3 pillars in different percentages to achieve digitization. I...
Law
Daniela Gračan - Sonja Vizjak
Zbornik Radova Pravnog Fakulteta u Splitu 2010 https://doaj.org/article/001bab4f69c547b08fb191ad77cfeaff
One of the strategic goals of the Republic of Croatia for the following period is its access to the European Union. In order to fulfill it, the Republic of Croatia has in October 2001 signed the Stabilization and Association Agreement and thus overtaken the obligation to strengthen co-operation with European Union member states in struggle against environmental devastation and in promotion of environmental sustainability (Article 103 of Agreement). With the acceptance of the Agreement the proc...
Earth science
Francisco-Javier Hinojo-Lucena et al.
Technological progress is causing terms such as &#8220;STEM&#8221;, an acronym for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics, to burst into the educational arena, marking a new era in the application of innovative and motivating teaching and learning processes. The objective of this research is to analyze the trajectory and the transcendence of the &#8220;STEM&#8221; concept in the educational field, having as reference the reported literature of Web of Science. The methodology applied in...
Earth science
Antonio Macías-García et al.
In recent years, pharmaceutical products have been causing a serious environmental problem in hospital wastewater and water purification plants. The elimination of these pollutants is difficult due to their resistance to biological degradation. Paracetamol has been detected in higher concentrations in hospital wastewater than in other buildings. Activated carbons are a good material for removing paracetamol from hospital wastewater. One of the starting materials to obtain activated carbons is ke...
Mathematics
Orlando Durán - Paulo Afonso - Vinicius Minatogawa
In capital-intensive industries, physical assets and maintenance activities play a relevant and strategic role in terms of providing operational continuity and business sustainability. As a result, maintenance support structures are highly complex and sophisticated. Therefore, maintenance capacity planning must be addressed using reliable techniques to assure the adequate service levels and availabilities of critical assets at the minimum opportunity cost. There has been relatively limited resea...
Earth science
Encarnación García-Sánchez - Jaime Guerrero-Villegas - Javier Aguilera-Caracuel
The purpose of this paper is to explore the influence of human resource management on reverse logistics (RL) in the context of high-tech firms. Using the resource-based view of the firm, we analyzedthe effect of employees&rsquo; technological skills on RL. The study also investigated whether top management support (TMS) for information technology (IT) and innovativeness moderate this relationship. We collected data from European high-tech firms from May to September 2010, obtaining 160 responses...
Earth science
Pablo Rodrigo - Ignacio J. Duran
Although scholars have studied stakeholder dialogue, we lack studies that understand the effect of context on the structure and form of dialogue. To address this gap, in this research we focus on local rural communities that can be classified as fringe stakeholders to develop a comprehensive model of “fringe community dialogue”. As these neglected groups have been marginalized from society and face grave serious socio-environmental issues, we argue that these characteristics will affect the way ...
Economics | Engineering and technology
Maame Esi Eshun - Joe Amoako-Tuffour
Energy, Sustainability and Society 2020 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-020-00268-z
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article....
Earth science
Ksenija Denčić-Mihajlov - Mladen Krstić - Dejan Spasić
Modern consumer society uses an increasing number of products to meet its needs, which become waste after use, thus posing a serious problem that threatens sustainable development. Investment in waste recycling, due to a high level of non-financial benefits, is considered sustainable, especially in the End-of-life Vehicles (ELV) and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) recycling areas. The research objective of this paper is to test the sensitivity of the model for sustainable manage...
Earth science
Maja Ahac - Saša Ahac - Stjepan Lakušić
Despite the long-term experience in the application of noise walls, the uncertainty in wall panel service life efficiency is almost equal between panels built from established and new materials, which are—because of the desire to increase the sustainability of noise walls—developing at an ever-faster pace. The presented meta-analysis of data collected during a systematic review of concrete, metal, and wood panels’ acoustic and non-acoustic characteristics, long term performance, and cradle-to-ga...
Earth science
Nikolaos A. Skondras et al.
The terms ‘resilience’ and ‘vulnerability’ have been widely used, with multiple interpretations in a plethora of disciplines. Such a variety may easily become confusing, and could create misconceptions among the different users. Policy makers who are bound to make decisions in key spatial and temporal points may especially suffer from these misconceptions. The need for decisions may become even more pressing in times of crisis, where the weaknesses of a system are exposed, and immediate actions ...
Chemistry | Physics
S. Fuzzi et al.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 2015 https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-15-8217-2015
The literature on atmospheric particulate matter (PM), or atmospheric aerosol, has increased enormously over the last 2 decades and amounts now to some 1500–2000 papers per year in the refereed literature. This is in part due to the enormous advances in measurement technologies, which have allowed for an increasingly accurate understanding of the chemical composition and of the physical properties of atmospheric particles and of their processes in the atmosphere. The growing scientific interest ...
Earth science
Iris Kral et al.
Reforestation is a threat to permanent grasslands in many alpine regions. Using these areas to produce biogas energy may help to preserve these important landscapes and save fossil fuels by adding a renewable local heat and electricity source. This case study compares (a) a status quo (SQ) reference scenario with heating oil, wood-chips, and grid electricity as municipal energy sources, and (b) a hypothetical local biogas (LB) scenario (to also be used as a municipal energy source) based on a 50...
Anthropology
Keiko Takioto Miller
Colloquia Humanistica 2018 https://doi.org/10.11649/ch.2018.004
Kukai as an Enlightened Transculturalist: Reweaving Cultural Threads from the Universal Womb in This Life It is not unusual for one to experience a transculturally induced existential crisis which could force one to make an arduous philosophical journey in order to liberate oneself from the realm of this lingua-cultural dilemma. In fact, it is this very constraint, which offers its bearer an entry through a gate to reach an evolutionarily critical threshold. No longer measurable by convention, ...
Agriculture
Marian Simón-Rojo et al.
In the last decade, efforts to re-localize the food system have been gaining ground in a way that is intended to induce changes in the primary sector, thereby improving its conditions and sustainability. The European Union has identified food as one of the ten key sectors with outstanding potential for an ecological transition, and public procurement of (organic) food as an appropriate policy to foster agricultural development and support small farmers. In this study, we analyze changes in land ...
Earth science
Sang Jin Choi et al.
Sustainability 2017 https://doi.org/10.3390/su9040538
According to the Paris Agreement at the 21st Conference of the Parties, 196 member states are obliged to submit their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) for every 5 years. As a member, South Korea has already proposed the reduction target and need to submit the achievement as a result of the policies and endeavors in the near future. In this paper, a Korean bottom-up energy system model to support the low-carbon national energy R&amp;D roadmap will be introduced and through the ...
Law
Bustamin Nongtji
Abstract Prohibition or restriction is necessary for large enterprises as legal safeguards for small businesses. It has been defined in the Act No. 5 Year 1999 concerning Prohibition of Monopolistic Practices and Unfair Business Competition, which is also set out in Article 33 of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia of 1945 in which the state holds a national economy based on economic democracy. Article 33 paragraph (4) NRI 1945 Constitution states that: "The national economy shall be...
Business
Peter Wells
IIMB Management Review 2013 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iimb.2013.07.001
This commentary reviews the position articulated in an article published in 2004 that the business model prevalent in the automotive industry was inadequate to meeting the challenge of sustainability, and reviews the key developments since then. The most noticeable developments the commentary traces are the growth in academic interest in business models, a more responsive government policy particularly in respect of new technologies, and the practical application of the concepts and ideas mooted...
Agriculture
H. R. U. T. Erabadupitiya - W. A. P. Weerakkody - K. A. Nandasena
Tropical Agricultural Research 2019 https://doi.org/10.4038/tar.v30i3.8323
Protected culture is a production technology for growing high-value horticultural crops. Fertigation in soilless culture is a major determinant of the quality and quantity of the greenhouse crop yields. Nitrogen is the widely used plant nutrient in fertigation and also the major potential environmental contaminant. Mismanagement of nitrogen in different growth stages has been reported in literature. Therefore, increasing of nitrogen use efficiency is vitally important for ensuring economic and e...
Earth science
Joshua Sbicca et al.
How do food movements prioritize and work to accomplish their varied and often conflicting social change goals at the city scale? Our study investigates the Denver food movement with a mixed methods social network analysis to understand how organizations navigate differences in power and influence vis-&#224;-vis resource exchange. We refer to this uneven process with the analytical concept of &#8220;collaborative concession&#8221;. The strategic resource mobilization of money, land, and labor op...